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英國大學成立時間及介紹


古老大學 - Ancient universities

中世紀大學 - Medieval universities

在19世紀前,英國一共有6所大學,其中英格蘭2所,蘇格蘭4所。他們是在中世紀時期成立的,所以被稱為中世紀大學(Medieval universities)。在16到19世紀沒有大學成立。

大學名稱 成立時間 大學校訓
University of Oxford Before 1167 Dominus illuminatio mea
University of Cambridge 1209 Hinc lucem et pocula sacra
University of St Andrews Between 1410 and 1413 ΑΙΕΝ ΑΡΙΣΤΕΥΕΙΝ
University of Glasgow 1451 Via, Veritas, Vita
University of Aberdeen 1495 Initium sapientiae timor domini
University of Edinburgh 1582  


維多利亞時期大學

在維多利亞時期(Victorian period)成立的大學。

大學名稱 成立時間 大學校訓
Saint David's College, now the University of Wales, Lampeter 1822 Gair Duw Goreu Dysg
University College London 1826  
King's College London 1829  
Durham University 1832 Fundamenta eius super montibus sanctis
University of London 1836  
Queen's University Belfast 1849  
Bangor University 1884 Gorau Dawn Deall




紅磚大學 Red brick universities

通常是指在二戰前的維多利亞時期在英格蘭的6個主要工業城市發展起來的大學。被稱作'紅磚'最初只是杜撰,因為這些大學相對於老大學來說是新的。近年來,有一些和這6所大學很類似的大學也被歸入到'紅磚'大學中。

市立大學(The civic universities)

這類大學主要是在19世紀英國的工業城市發展起來的,這些大學主要給學生提供實踐方面的技能知識,大多數和機械有關。
大學名稱 成立時間 大學校訓
UMIST 1842*
University of Birmingham 24 March 1900 Per Ardua Ad Alta
University of Liverpool 1 October 1903 Haec otia studia fovent
University of Leeds 1 October 1904 et augebitur scientia
University of Sheffield 31 May 1905 Rerum cognoscere causas
University of Bristol 1909 Vim promovet insitam
*UMIST(Manchester Institute of Science and Technology )和Victoria University於2004年合並為University of Manchester.

中間期(Intermediate period)

從1910年到二戰結束,只有一個大學在此期間成立。
大學名稱 成立時間 大學校訓
University of Reading 17 March 1926  

第二批紅磚大學(Second wave of red-brick universities)

大學名稱 成立時間 大學校訓
University of Nottingham 1948 Sapientia urbs conditur
University of Southampton 1952 Strenuis Ardua Cedunt
University of Hull 1954  
University of Exeter 1955 Lucem sequimur
University of Leicester 1957 Ut Vitam Habeant




平板玻璃大學 (Plate glass universities)

在60年代成立的英國大學因為他們的建築風格而被稱為'平板玻璃’大學。
大學名稱 成立時間 大學校訓
University of Sussex August 1961 Be still and know
Keele University 1962 Thanke God for All
University of East Anglia 1963 Do Different
University of York 1963 In limine sapientiae
Newcastle University August 1963  
Lancaster University 1964 Patet omnibus veritas
University of Strathclyde 1964 The Place of Useful Learning
University of Kent 4 January 1965 Cui servire regnare est
University of Essex 1965 Thought the harder, heart the keener
University of Warwick 1965 Mens agitat molem
Loughborough University 19 April 1966 Veritate, Scientia, Labore
Aston University 22 April 1966 Forward
Brunel University 9 June 1966  
University of Surrey 9 September 1966  
University of Bath 1966 Generatim discite cultus
University of Bradford 1966 Give invention light
City University, London 1966 To serve mankind
Heriot-Watt University 1966  
University of Salford 10 February 1967 Altiora Petamus
University of Dundee 1 August 1967 Magnificat anima mea dominum
University of Stirling 13 November 1967  
Royal College of Art 1967  
Cranfield University 1969 Post Nubes Lux

中間期 (Intermediate era)

在1969年和1992年之間只有三所大學成立,這三所大學每一所都很特殊。開發大學(Open University)是英國唯一的只提供遠程教育的大學;白金漢大學(University of Buckingham)唯一的私營大學;阿爾斯特大學(University of Ulster)大學是有一個平板玻璃大學和一個理工學院合並而成。
大學名稱 成立時間 大學校訓
Open University 1969 Live and Learn
University of Buckingham 1976 Flying on our own Wings
University of Ulster 1984  

新大學(New universities)

在1992年實行的高等教育法允許所有的技術學院可以獲準成為大學,有38所新大學根據這一法規而升級為大學,英國大學的數量也從46所上升到84所。
大學名稱 成立時間 大學校訓 相關信息
Napier University June 1992 Nisi sapientia frustra founded as Napier Technical College 1964
Anglia Ruskin University 1992 A Creative Constellation founded as Cambridge School of Art 1858; polytechnic 1991
Birmingham City University 16 June 1992   founded as City of Birmingham Polytechnic 1971
Bournemouth University 27 November 1992 Discere Mutari Est  
University of Brighton 1992   founded as Brighton Polytechnic 1968
University of Central Lancashire 1992 Ex Solo ad Solem formerly Preston Polytechnic 1973
De Montfort University 1992   founded as Leicester Polytechnic 1969
Coventry University 1992   founded as Lanchester Polytechnic 1970
University of Derby 1992 Experientia Docet formerly Derbyshire College of Higher Education
University of East London 1992   founded as North East London Polytechnic 1970
University of Glamorgan 1992 Success Through Endeavour  
University of Greenwich 1992 To learn, to do, to achieve  
University of Hertfordshire 1992 Seek Knowledge Throughout Life  
University of Huddersfield 1992    
Kingston University 1992    
Leeds Metropolitan University 1992    
University of Lincoln 1992 Excellence through study moved to Lincoln 2001
Liverpool John Moores University 1992 Audentes Fortuna Juvat  
London South Bank University 1992 With Thy Might (Borough Polytechnic) founded as the Borough Polytechnic Institute in 1892
Manchester Metropolitan University 1992 Many Arts, Many Skills  
Middlesex University 1992    
Northumbria University 1992    
Nottingham Trent University 1992 Shaping futures  
Oxford Brookes University 1992 Excellence in diversity  
University of the West of Scotland 1992    
University of Plymouth 1992    
University of Portsmouth 1992 Lucem Sequamur  
Robert Gordon University 1992 Omni Nunc Arte Magistra  
Sheffield Hallam University 1992 Learn and Serve  
Staffordshire University 1992 Create the difference  
University of Sunderland 1992 Scientiam Dulce Hauriens  
University of Teesside 1992 Facta Non Verba founded as Constantine Technical College 1930; polytechnic 1970
Thames Valley University 1992    
University of Westminster 1992 Educating for professional life  
University of the West of England 1992 Light Liberty Learning  
University of Wolverhampton 1992 Innovation and Opportunity  
Glasgow Caledonian University 1 April 1993 For the common weal  
University of Abertay Dundee 1994    

第二批新大學(Second wave of new universities)

在經歷了7年的中斷之後,有大量的理工學院,大學學院和高教育機構開始申請升級為大學。到目前為止,英國增加了另外的31所新的大學,大學的總數達到了115所。
大學名稱 成立時間 大學校訓 相關信息
University of Gloucestershire 2001 In animo et veritate  
University of Wales, Newport 2002    
London Metropolitan University 1 August 2002    
University of Bolton April 2004    
University of the Arts London 2004    
Cardiff University 1 August 2004 Gwirionedd Undod A Chytgord  
Roehampton University 1 August 2004    
University of Manchester 1 October 2004 Cognitio, sapientia, humanitas formed in 2004 by the dissolution of the Victoria University of Manchester (which was commonly known as the University of Manchester) and UMIST (University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology) and the immediate formation of a single institution (inaugurated on 1 October)
Bath Spa University August 2005   founded as Bath College of Higher Education 1975; university college 1992
Canterbury Christ Church University 2005 Veritas liberabit vos  
University of Chester 2005 Qui docet in doctrina  
University of Chichester 2005 Docendo discimus founded as West Sussex Institute of Higher Education 1977; university college 1999
University of Winchester June 2005    
Liverpool Hope University July 2005 In Faith, Hope and Love  
Southampton Solent University July 2005    
University of Worcester September 2005 Ad Inspirandum Aspiramus  
University of Northampton 2005 Transforming lives, inspiring change  
University of Bedfordshire 2006    
Edge Hill University 18 May 2006 In Scientia Opportunitas  
York St John University 10 July 2006    
Queen Margaret University January 2007    
Buckinghamshire New University 2007 Arte et Industria  
Imperial College London 8 July 2007 Scientia imperii decus et tutamen founded 1907 as constituent college of University of London
University of Cumbria 1 August 2007   merger of St Martin's College, Cumbria Institute of the Arts and part of University of Central Lancashire
Aberystwyth University 1 September 2007 Nid Byd, Byd Heb Wybodaeth founded as University College Wales 1872; founder member of University of Wales 1893
Bangor University 1 September 2007 Gorau Dawn Deall founded as University College of North Wales 1884; founder member of University of Wales 1893
University of Wales, Lampeter 1 September 2007 Gair Duw Goreu Dysg founded as St David's College 1828; merged with University of Wales 1971
Swansea University 1 September 2007 Gweddw crefft heb ei dawn founded as University College, Swansea 1920 (as part of University of Wales)
Trinity College, Carmarthen 1 September 2007    
University of Wales Institute, Cardiff 1 September 2007 The most valuable possession is knowledge  
Swansea Metropolitan University January 2008   founded as Swansea Institute of Higher Education 1992




前大學(Former universities)

大學名稱 成立時間 大學校訓 取消時間 原因
Victoria University 20 April 1880   1 October 1904 Leeds and Liverpool left; surviving college became Victoria University of Manchester
University of Wales 1893 Goreu Awen Gwirionedd 2007 Colleges became independent, affiliated institutions
Victoria University of Manchester 1 October 1904 Arduus Ad Solem 1 October 2004 merged with UMIST to form the University of Manchester
New University of Ulster 1968   1984 merged with Ulster Polytechnic to form University of Ulster
St Martin's College 2006   1 August 2007 merged with Cumbria Institute of the Arts and part of University of Central Lancashire to form University of Cumbria



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